Roofing Maintenance: Visual and Structural Inspections

A well-established roof maintenance program is crucial to preventing costly structural damage to the building below. It should include regular inspections, preferably twice a year.

Examine for water stains or signs of leaks. Moss growth and other debris should be removed regularly to prevent surface degrading. Visit to learn more.


Check that gutters are free-flowing and firmly attached to the house. Trimming overhanging tree branches keeps them from damaging the roof during storms.

Visual inspection is a field test that evaluates the condition of an object through direct observation. It can be performed by hand or with the aid of certain tools, including flashlights, magnifying glasses and mirrors. It can also be performed on a remote basis using cameras.

It is possible to standardize this type of inspection, and it can be very effective when paired with other testing methodologies. This is particularly important for critical industries, where safety protocols are paramount. In addition, it can help to reduce downtime and ensure a more efficient production process.

However, the downside to this type of inspection is its dependence on subjective judgment, leading to inconsistencies and a lack of accuracy. Moreover, it can be difficult to detect defects in small areas or confined spaces.

A good roofing contractor will be able to spot structural problems with a careful inspection. This will include examining the roof decking, underlayment and drip edges for any damage or deterioration. It will also look for stains and discoloration, which can be an indicator of leakage.

Structural problems in a roof will often lead to premature wear and tear of the shingles. This can be a costly problem to address, especially if it is not addressed in a timely fashion. Regular roofing inspections can catch these issues before they become a major problem and prevent expensive repairs.

It is important to check the gutters and drainage system for any signs of blockage or clogging, which can lead to water intrusion into the home and cause damage. Likewise, it is important to inspect the foundation and walls of the house for any evidence of moisture penetration, which can also cause structural damage.

Another crucial area to examine is the attic insulation and ventilation system. Damaged insulation can lead to a hot attic, which in turn can raise energy bills significantly. Insufficient ventilation can lead to a number of health and safety issues, so it is important to make sure these areas are inspected regularly. A professional will be able to advise on the best course of action for any potential problems.

Structural Inspection

Structural inspections are critical evaluations conducted to ensure the integrity of a building or structure’s foundation, frame, and load-bearing components. They can be done for a variety of reasons, including routine maintenance, prior to selling or buying a property, or after an event like an earthquake. Detecting structural issues early on can save homeowners and buyers time and money in the long run.

A qualified engineer can conduct a structural inspection of your home or commercial structure to check for signs of problems with its foundations, walls, and roof. They can also look at other load-bearing elements of your property, such as beams, columns, and joists. They may recommend necessary repairs or reinforcements to keep your building safe and secure.

If your roof is showing signs of structural damage, it’s important to take action right away. If left untreated, these issues can lead to extensive damage and costly repairs in the future. A thorough structural inspection can help you identify potential problems, so you can take the steps needed to fix them before they become more serious.

Structural problems can be hard to spot, especially when the signs are subtle. Thankfully, there are some common indicators to watch for that can let you know it’s time for a structural inspection. Look for bricks or mortar that are cracked or damaged, and make sure your roof is not leaking water or collecting standing water. You should also pay attention to cracks in your exterior walls, as these can be an indication of shifting or settling and may lead to more serious problems.

A structural inspection typically includes a thorough examination of the building’s foundation, walls, roofs, and other load-bearing components. It is different from a home inspection, which typically only focuses on the heating and cooling system, plumbing, electrical and roof finishes.

Home inspectors are not required to perform structural inspections, but they will often refer clients to a specialist if they suspect there’s a problem with a foundation, framing component or other weight bearing structure. A structural inspection must be performed by a qualified and licensed engineer, who is a member of either the Institution of Structural Engineers or the Institution of Civil Engineers (IStructE or ICE). They should have a significant amount of experience in this field.


A gutter system keeps rainwater flowing away from the building instead of pooling around the foundation, which can cause soil erosion and damage to the structure. It also prevents the formation of ice dams, which can cause roof leaks and interior damage. The type of gutter system that’s best for a home depends on the size and slope of the roof, as well as local climate conditions. If you live in an area with a humid, wet climate, for example, it’s imperative to have gutters that can handle frequent rainstorms.

There are many different gutter styles, but they all accomplish the same basic function. The most common type of gutter is the K-style gutter, which is made of aluminum and formed in one piece on-site. Another popular choice is a seamless gutter, which has no seams and can’t rust. If you choose to have a gutter installed, be sure that the installer calculates the sizes needed for your home’s unique roof structure and the local climate conditions.

Gutters are important for several reasons, but they need to be cleaned regularly to keep them functioning properly. If they aren’t, rainwater can overflow the channels and pour down the sides of the house, causing foundation problems, water damage, mold growth, and pest invasions. In addition to cleaning the gutters, you should also check the downspouts, splash blocks, conductor heads, leaders, and roof drains to ensure they are working correctly.

If you don’t want to do the labor-intensive job of climbing up on a ladder to clean your gutters, consider hiring a professional to do it for you. They can use special attachments that make it easier to reach difficult-to-reach areas and can remove moss, dirt, and debris from the surface of the gutters without damaging the shingles.

If you do decide to do the work yourself, be sure to follow safety precautions when climbing on a ladder and when using power tools. People are seriously injured or even killed every year from falls while performing maintenance on a roof or in the gutters, so always take your time and be careful.


Like every structure on your property, the shingles on your roof require regular maintenance to function properly and live up to their expected lifespan. Neglecting this routine can lead to premature wear and tear, leaks and other damage that can be costly to repair.

A visual inspection of your shingle roof should include looking for cracked, curled or missing shingles. These are easy to spot, but it’s important to address them quickly to avoid water leaks and other problems.

You should also look at the valleys where two roof faces meet. These areas are where most of the water will travel from the roof and down into gutters or eaves. This is where most shingle roof leaks originate and why they are so important to inspect regularly for potential leaking spots. We typically install valley metal in these areas to help prevent shingle cracking and leaking.

It’s important to keep your roof clean and free of debris, especially in shady areas where algae and moss can grow. These growths can dislodge granules from the asphalt layer and cause the roof system to deteriorate more quickly. If you have a shady area on your roof, consider using products that contain zinc and copper to inhibit the growth of moss and algae.

Leaks and other shingle roof issues are often caused by poor ventilation or water trapped within the roofing materials. This can be caused by a number of factors such as leaks, damaged gutters or shingle rot. Oftentimes, the problem can be corrected by replacing or repairing a piece of the sheathing (also known as decking) and/or re-caulking.

Another important step in shingle roof maintenance is to ensure all of the duct work is connected securely. This includes fan vents, chimneys and any other installations. If the ducts are loose it will allow moisture to be blown into the attic space which can cause mold, mildew and wood rot. Also make sure the shingle nails are not rusty or broken. These will not hold the shingle down and may cause it to lift during high winds.


The Importance of Roofing Maintenance

A roofing professional at Sun City Roofing can inspect the entire structure of a roof to make sure it is functioning as intended. This inspection includes checking for water penetration points inside the home and other damage to rafters, walls, insulation, etc.


Check for accumulated debris and clogged drains, and look for signs of previous repairs that may be failing or need to be replaced.

Shingles are the outer layer of your roof and play a crucial role in protecting your home from water damage. As a result, it’s important to keep an eye out for damage and to perform regular maintenance.

If left unchecked, moss, lichen, and algae can grow on your shingles, causing them to crack and disintegrate. Additionally, they can create a dark spot on your roof and stain your gutters. During your roof inspection, look for these growths and have them removed by a professional. You can also prevent them from returning by having a protective product applied annually.

A damaged shingle can allow water to seep into your home, creating a host of issues including mold and wood rot. During your inspection, check for shingle damage like cracking, curling, or buckling. If you find any, have them repaired immediately to avoid leaks and other problems.

Your roofing contractor will be able to recommend the right solution for your shingle repair. For example, you may need to replace the entire shingle or simply apply a waterproof sealant. It is recommended that you use a high-quality sealant because it will last longer than the standard caulk.

You should also look for cracks in the flashing. Flashing is a thin metal material installed to direct water away from areas where the roof plane meets vertical surfaces like chimneys or dormers. It can become corroded or cracked over time and needs to be replaced as part of your shingle maintenance.

If you have skylights in your roof, make sure they are properly sealed and that the glass pane is not cracked. Checking for a broken or leaking skylight is a simple task that can be performed on a sunny day during your inspection. In addition, you should inspect the attic for signs of moisture such as water stains. This could indicate a leak or just that the attic space is not well ventilated. Also, check for duct work connections like fan vents, plumbing stacks, oven pipes, and furnace ducts. These can get loose and cause a buildup of moisture that can lead to wood rot, mold, and mildew.


Gutters are a vital part of a roof’s structure. They direct rainwater away from the home to prevent water damage to walls, windows, foundations and more. However, when left neglected, they can clog with leaves, twigs and other debris. This can lead to overflowing gutters, which may erode the roof and cause damage to the house itself. Regular cleaning can prevent this from happening by eliminating foreign material and allowing the gutter system to function properly.

The best way to clean gutters is to use a tall, stabilized ladder to access the troughs and soffits. Start by removing all plant life and debris that has collected in the gutters, and place it in a trash bag for disposal. Next, systematically work through the full length of the gutters, scooping, scrubbing, hosing and inspecting as you go. This will ensure no area is overlooked and the whole system receives proper end-to-end attention.

During the cleaning process, it’s also wise to trim back any trees or bushes that overhang the gutters. This will help minimize the amount of leaves and twigs that fall into the gutters during storms, which can result in clogs. If you want to take your maintenance a step further, consider installing gutter guards to prevent overflowing and blockages in the first place.

When a clog or other problem is encountered, it’s a good idea to call in a professional. If you’re not comfortable working at heights, or if there are serious and extensive clogs or underlying issues, professional expertise will be required to address them effectively.

Regular roofing and gutter maintenance can help you preserve your home’s structure, reduce energy costs, and protect the value of your property. It’s essential to remember that safety should always come first, especially when climbing a ladder or working at heights. If you’re unsure of how to perform these tasks, or are uncomfortable with the potential risks involved, please contact a Birdcreek roofing expert for professional advice and assistance.

Soffit and Fascia

The soffit and fascia are two roofline components that are often neglected but play an important role in your home’s protection. They provide ventilation to your attic space, protect the edges of your roofline from pests, and create a finished look for your home. These elements are also vital for preventing moisture infiltration and damage to the rest of your home.

Damaged soffits and fascia are not only unsightly, but they can lead to more serious problems like mold growth, rot, and structural damage. This is why it is so important to inspect your soffit and fascia regularly and to promptly address any damage.

If you notice cracked or rotting wood, loose or missing pieces, discoloration, or signs of pest infestation, you may need to replace your soffit and fascia. Replacing these components with high-quality, low-maintenance materials will help to protect your home from the elements and extend their lifespan.

Soffits and fascia are usually made of either aluminum, wood, or a composite material. The most popular option is UPVC which is more affordable than metals and offers better insulation properties. It is also more durable and will not rust or rot. It is available in a range of colors and styles so you can match them to your home’s aesthetic.

Whether you have an aluminum or wooden fascia, it is important to regularly clean it with a soft brush and a garden hose. This will remove any dirt and debris and prevent the build-up of mildew, fungus, and algae. It is also a good idea to keep the gutters and downspouts clear of leaves and debris so that water can flow freely.

A soffit is a board that spans the area between the edge of your roof and the bottom of your eaves. The soffit provides a surface for the installation of venting systems that will allow hot air to escape from your home and cool air to enter. Without proper ventilation, your attic can overheat and cause mold and mildew problems in the living spaces of your home, as well as wood rot to the fascia boards and soffits.

Ice Dams

Ice dams form along the eaves of your roof when snow melts and re-freezes. They prevent melting water from draining off your roof and cause leaks into the home. Moisture entering the home causes rot, mold and mildew in walls, ceilings and insulation. Even if there is no visible damage, the moisture will eventually eat through wood and drywall causing structural framing members to rot or metal fasteners to corrode.

The best way to prevent ice dams is to provide sufficient attic ventilation, ensure the attic is well insulated and use a roof covering that allows for thermal expansion and contraction. During cold temperatures, homeowners should regularly clear snow from the roof and gutters. Using a roof rake, carefully remove the snow to avoid damaging the roofing materials. Creating channels for water to flow off the roof is also helpful. Ideally, the channels should run down the center of the eaves and be well away from the roof covering and fascia.

When ice dams occur, the best action is to hire professionals to evaluate and repair the problem. They may recommend installing an ice dam barrier that prevents the buildup of ice. In addition, they can use a variety of tools to identify air leaks in the attic and roof and make recommendations for improving the existing insulation.

Homeowners should never attempt to peel, hack or chip ice dams off the roof. The process will almost certainly damage the shingles and create further problems. In addition, attempting to break up ice dams with a ladder can be dangerous as the ice may rip off gutters or fall onto windows or people.

Some homeowners have good luck with a home remedy that uses calcium chloride and pantyhose. They fill a leg of pantyhose or a sock with calcium chloride pellets, tie off the end and hang the sock vertically from the eaves. When it is warm enough, the ice melt socks lower the freezing temperature of the snow and ice dams and melt them away. However, the method is time consuming and is not foolproof.